(SEE PARAGRAPHS 1.36 AND 1.54) E1 This Appendix describes ways of checking the compliance with J2 of existing, relined or new flues, and (where included in the work) the combustion appliance. It applies only to natural draught flues intended for open-flued appliances. The procedures described are used only to assess whether the flue in the chimney, the connecting fluepipe (and flue gas passages in the appliance) are free of obstruction and acceptably gas-tight. In addition, appliance performance tests, including flue spillage tests to check for compliance with J2, should be carried out when an appliance is commissioned to check for compliance with Part L and as required by the Gas Safety (Installation and Use) Regulations. E2 Tests on flues should be carried out at the most appropriate time during the building work. Where possible, for example, smoke tests should be performed when the structure of a chimney is visible and before the application of finishes such as plaster or dry lining that could obscure sight of smoke leakage during testing.

  1. Testing applications

    Testing applications

    Tests for existing flues E3 Flues in existing chimneys can be obstructed by nests, debris resulting from deterioration of the structure (e.g. brickwork, flue lining material or pieces of chimney pot) and by soot and tar. Flues in existing chimneys may also leak as a result of holes or cracks appearing in the structure and linings, particularly at joints. The top, exposed part of a chimney is particularly prone to decay. A way of checking the state of a flue prior to bringing it back into use would be to do the following:

    a. Sweep the flue. This is intended to clean the flue to demonstrate that it is essentially free from obstructions and to enable better visual inspection and testing of the flue. Tar deposits caused by burning wood may be especially hard to dislodge and should be The debris that comes down the chimney when sweeping should be examined for excessive quantities of lining or brick that are signs that further repairs are necessary.

    b. Carry out a visual inspection of the accessible parts to identify:

    i. Deterioration in the structure, connections or linings which could affect the flue’s gas-tightness and safe performance with the proposed combustion  appliance. Examine the interior of the flue and the exterior of the chimney including in the roof-space. The presence of smoke or tar stains on the exterior of a chimney/ breast is a sign of leaks that possibly indicate damage;

    ii. Modifications made whilst the flue was out of service, such as the fitting of a ventilator terminal, which would be incompatible with using the flue with the intended appliance;

    iii. Correct lining and lining sizes for the proposed new application.

    c. Perform checks where necessary to demonstrate that the flue is free from restriction: a visual check may be sufficient where the full length of the flue can be In cases of doubt, a way of checking this would be to carry out a coring ball test.

    d. Check the gas-tightness of the flue by carrying out a smoke test.

    • Diagram 1 Boundaries in this Approved Document Part  J Diagram 1 Boundaries in this Approved Document Part J
    • Diagram 2 Chimneys and flues Part J Diagram 2 Chimneys and flues Part J
    • Diagram 3 Draught diverter and draught stabiliser Part J Diagram 3 Draught diverter and draught stabiliser Part J
    • Diagram 4 Types on installation Part J Diagram 4 Types on installation Part J
    • Diagram 5 Fireplace recesses Part J Diagram 5 Fireplace recesses Part J

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      Diagram 6 the function of hearths Part J Diagram 6 the function of hearths Part J
    • Diagram 7 Measurement of flues and ducts Part J Diagram 7 Measurement of flues and ducts Part J
    • Diagram 8 General air supply to a combustion appliance (for sizes see Section 2,3 and 4) Part J Diagram 8 General air supply to a combustion appliance (for sizes see Section 2,3 and 4) Part J
    • Diagram 9 Ventilator free areas Part J Diagram 9 Ventilator free areas Part J
    • Diagram 10 Location of permanent air vent openings,some examples Part J Diagram 10 Location of permanent air vent openings,some examples Part J
    • Diagram 11 Provision of permanent air vent openings in a solid floor Part J Diagram 11 Provision of permanent air vent openings in a solid floor Part J
    • Diagram 12 Material change of use fire protection of chimneys passing through other dwellings Part J Diagram 12 Material change of use fire protection of chimneys passing through other dwellings Part J
    • Diagram 13 The separation of combustible material from factory made metal chimney designated to BS EN 1856 part 1 2003 Part J Diagram 13 The separation of combustible material from factory made metal chimney designated to BS EN 1856 part 1 2003 Part J
    • Diagram 14 Example locations of access panels for concealed horizontal flues Part J Diagram 14 Example locations of access panels for concealed horizontal flues Part J
    • Diagram 15 Bends in flues Part J Diagram 15 Bends in flues Part J
    • Diagrams 16 Example notice plate for hearths and flues Part J Diagrams 16 Example notice plate for hearths and flues Part J
    • Diagram 17 Flue outlet positions for solid fuel appliances Part J Diagram 17 Flue outlet positions for solid fuel appliances Part J
    • Diagram 18 Flue outlet positions for solid fuel appliances clearances to easily ignited roof coverings Part J Diagram 18 Flue outlet positions for solid fuel appliances clearances to easily ignited roof coverings Part J
    • Diagram 19 Protecting combustible material from uniinsulated fluepipes for solid fuel appliances Part J Diagram 19 Protecting combustible material from uniinsulated fluepipes for solid fuel appliances Part J
    • Diagram 20 Wall thicknesses for masonry and flueblock chimneys Part J Diagram 20 Wall thicknesses for masonry and flueblock chimneys Part J
    • Diagram 21 Minimum separation distances from combustible material in or near a chimney Part J Diagram 21 Minimum separation distances from combustible material in or near a chimney Part J
    • Diagram 22 Construction of fireplace gathers Part J Diagram 22 Construction of fireplace gathers Part J
    • Diagram 23 Canopy or an open solid fuel fire Part J Diagram 23 Canopy or an open solid fuel fire Part J
    • Diagram 24 Constructional hearth suitable for a solid fuel appliance (including open fires) Part J Diagram 24 Constructional hearth suitable for a solid fuel appliance (including open fires) Part J
    • Diagram 25 Constructional hearth suitable for a solid fuel appliance (including open fires) Part J Diagram 25 Constructional hearth suitable for a solid fuel appliance (including open fires) Part J
    • Diagram 26 Non combustible hearth surface surrounding a solid fuel appliance Part J Diagram 26 Non combustible hearth surface surrounding a solid fuel appliance Part J
    • Diagram 27 Ways of providing hearths Part J Diagram 27 Ways of providing hearths Part J
    • Diagram 28 Fireplace recesses Part J Diagram 28 Fireplace recesses Part J
    • Diagram 30 Wall adjacent to hearths Part J Diagram 30 Wall adjacent to hearths Part J
    • Diagram 31 Types of gas fires Part J Diagram 31 Types of gas fires Part J
    • Diagram 32 Free areas of permanentlt open air vents for gas appliance installations (other than decorative fuel effect fires or flueless appliances) Part J Diagram 32 Free areas of permanentlt open air vents for gas appliance installations (other than decorative fuel effect fires or flueless appliances) Part J
    • Diagram 33 Ventilation for flueless gas appliances Part J Diagram 33 Ventilation for flueless gas appliances Part J
    • Diagram 34 Location of outlets from flues serving gas appliances Part J Diagram 34 Location of outlets from flues serving gas appliances Part J
    • Diagram 35 Location of outlets near roof windows from flues serving gas appliances Part J Diagram 35 Location of outlets near roof windows from flues serving gas appliances Part J
    • Diagram 36 Bases for back boilers(installation using a proprietary back boiler enclosure shown) Part J Diagram 36 Bases for back boilers(installation using a proprietary back boiler enclosure shown) Part J
    • Diagram 37 Hearths for decorative fuel effect(DFE) and inset live fuel effect (ILFE) fires minimum plan dimensions of non combustible surfaces Part J Diagram 37 Hearths for decorative fuel effect(DFE) and inset live fuel effect (ILFE) fires minimum plan dimensions of non combustible surfaces Part J
    • Diagram 38 hearths for other appliances plan dimensions of non combustible surfaces Part J Diagram 38 hearths for other appliances plan dimensions of non combustible surfaces Part J
    • Diagram 39 Shielding of appliances Part J Diagram 39 Shielding of appliances Part J
    • Diagram 40 Free areas of permanently open air vents for oil-fired appliance installations Part J Diagram 40 Free areas of permanently open air vents for oil-fired appliance installations Part J
    • Diagram 41 Location of outlets from flues serving oil fire appliances Part J Diagram 41 Location of outlets from flues serving oil fire appliances Part J
    • Diagram 42 Location of an oil fired appliance in relation to its hearth.Minimum dimensions of the heat resistant material in the hearth and the clear zone of non combustible surface Part J Diagram 42 Location of an oil fired appliance in relation to its hearth.Minimum dimensions of the heat resistant material in the hearth and the clear zone of non combustible surface Part J

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      Diagram 43 Separation of liquefied petroleum gas tanks of up to 1.1 tonne capacity from buildings,boundaries and fixed sources of ignition Part J Diagram 43 Separation of liquefied petroleum gas tanks of up to 1.1 tonne capacity from buildings,boundaries and fixed sources of ignition Part J

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      Diagram 44 Location of LPG cylinders Diagram 44 Location of LPG cylinders Part J
    • Table 1 Air supply to solid fuel appliances Part J Table 1 Air supply to solid fuel appliances Part J
    • Table 2 Size of flues in chimneys Part J Table 2 Size of flues in chimneys Part J
    • Table 3 Minimum performance designations for chimney and fluepipe components for use with new solid fuel fired appliances Part J Table 3 Minimum performance designations for chimney and fluepipe components for use with new solid fuel fired appliances Part J
    • Table 5 Size of flues for gas-fired appliances Part J Table 5 Size of flues for gas-fired appliances Part J
    • Table 6 Minimum performance designations for chimney and fluepipe components for use with new gas appliances Part J Table 6 Minimum performance designations for chimney and fluepipe components for use with new gas appliances Part J
    • Table 7 Protecting buildings from hot flues Part J Table 7 Protecting buildings from hot flues Part J
    • Table 8 Minimum performance designations for chimney and fluepipe components for use with new oil fired appliances with flue gas temperatures less than 250deg celsius Part J Table 8 Minimum performance designations for chimney and fluepipe components for use with new oil fired appliances with flue gas temperatures less than 250deg celsius Part J
    • Table 9 Protecting buildings from hot flues for flue gas temperature not more than 250deg celsius Part J Table 9 Protecting buildings from hot flues for flue gas temperature not more than 250deg celsius Part J
    • Table 10 Fire protection for oil storage tanks Part J Table 10 Fire protection for oil storage tanks Part J
    • Table 11 Fire protection for LPG storage tanks(see Diagram 43) Part J Table 11 Fire protection for LPG storage tanks(see Diagram 43) Part J
    • Table to Diagram 41 Location of outlets from flues serving oil fired appliances Part J Table to Diagram 41 Location of outlets from flues serving oil fired appliances Part J
    • ]Examples See Paragraph 1.55 Part J Examples See Paragraph 1.55 Part J

    • Calculation of opening area of Fireplace Part J Calculation of opening area of Fireplace Part J
    • See Diagram 40 Calculation of Vents for Open flue appliance Part J See Diagram 40 Calculation of Vents for Open flue appliance Part J
    • Calculation of Vents for Open flue boiler Part J Calculation of Vents for Open flue boiler Part J
    • Form Hearth,fireplace flues and chimneys Part J Form Hearth,fireplace flues and chimneys Part J

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      Table to Diagram 34 Location of outlets from flues serving gas appliances Part J Table to Diagram 34 Location of outlets from flues serving gas appliances Part J
    • Table G1 Temperature Classes Table G1 Temperature Classes Part J
    • Table G2 Pressure Classes Part J Table G2 Pressure Classes Part J
    • [caption id="attachment_8311" align="alignnone" width="1129"]Table G3 Corrosion resistance classes Part J Table G3 Corrosion resistance classes Part J