Appendix G: European chimney designations

G1 This informative appendix provides a summary of the European chimney designation scheme. The essence of the scheme is a series of code letters based on the general chimney designation scheme of BS EN 1443:2003, an example of which and their explanation is given below.  

  1. Designation
    1. Temperature classes
      1. Pressure classes
        1. Condensate resistance classes
          1. Corrosion resistance classes
            1. Sootfire resistance classes
              1. Distance to combustible material

                Designation

                G2 The designation of a chimney consists of: [caption id="attachment_8313" align="alignnone" width="447"]Designation of Chimneys Designation of Chimneys[/caption] G3 European chimney standards have been developed based on the material of the flue liner e.g. clay/ceramic, concrete, metal, and plastic. Some material based standards have adopted a different shortened designation e.g. for clay flue liners a designation Liner – EN 1457-300-A1-N2 means it is suitable for a chimney with the designation T600 N2 D 3 G, with a nominal size of 300mm. G4 The designation of the corrosion resistance class of a metal chimney product is dealt with in BS EN 1856-1 and BS EN 1856-2 by a two-fold approach. A minimum material specification and thickness is allowed which is dependent on that which is permitted in member states regulations, where these exist. Products upon which a declaration has been made in this manner are designated Vm. The alternative approach involves the choice of one of three corrosion resistance tests. Products meeting the tests carry the designation V1, V2 or V3, as appropriate allow the product to be designated with the Corrosion resistance class 1, 2, or 3 respectively. The material specification still forms part of the overall designation, and appears alongside the ‘V’ letter, e.g. Vx-L40045. The material specification for the liner (or connecting pipe) is formed by the letter ‘L’ followed by five digits. The first two digits represent the material type and the last three digits represent the material thickness in multiples of 0.01mm. G5 For the UK, guidance on the minimum material specification appropriate for the various applications in terms of corrosion resistance (solid fuel, gas and oil) is given in the UK National Annex to BS EN 1856-1 and -2. For further examples of shortened designation refer to the specific product standards. G6 In selecting an appliance for a given chimney designation, the appliance, irrespective of the fuel used, is required to generate combustion products with characteristics equal or less than those designated for the chimney. When selecting a chimney suitable for a given appliance, any chimney with performance characteristics equal to or higher than those appropriate for the appliance may be used.

                Temperature classes

                G7 Temperature classes are set out in Table G1 and expressed as ‘T’ followed by a number which is less than or equal to the nominal working temperature, i.e., the average flue gas temperature obtained during the nominal/ rated output test (usually the maximum operating level); Table G1 Temperature Classes Table G1 Temperature Classes

                Pressure classes

                G8 Pressure classes are set out in Table G2 and expressed as either ‘N’, ‘P’ or ‘H’   followed by either ‘1’ or ‘2’. N relates in general to natural draught chimneys i.e. operating under negative pressure where the value 1 or 2 allows for a different class of product; metal chimneys to BS EN 1856-1 have the class N1. In the UK the value N2 will be assigned as a minimum to masonry chimneys. P and H relate to chimneys which operate under positive pressure e.g. for fan assisted applications and diesel generators respectively. The pressure designation depends on the gas tightness it achieves, the lower number being the more onerous, the higher allowed leakage for positive pressure application being intended to external installations. Table G2 Pressure Classes Table G2 Pressure Classes

                Condensate resistance classes

                G9 Condensate resistance class – expressed as either ‘W’ for wet or ‘D’ for dry operations. A product designated ‘W’, able to contain condensates within the flue, is aimed at condensing appliances. A product designated ‘D’ would usually have flue gas temperatures high enough to avoid condensate formation.

                Corrosion resistance classes

                G10 Corrosion resistance classes are set out in Table G3 – this is fuel dependant and expressed as 1, 2 or 3. Table G3 Corrosion resistance classes Table G3 Corrosion resistance classes

                Sootfire resistance classes

                G11 Sootfire resistance class – expressed as either ‘G’ with sootfire resistance, or ‘O’ without, A product assigned the designation ‘G’ has been tested at 1000ºC for 30 minutes.

                Distance to combustible material

                G12 The designation of the minimum distance from the outer surface of the chimney to combustible material is given as xx expressed in millimetres (e.g. the distance ‘x-x’ identified in paragraph 1.45 and diagram 13).

                • Diagram 1 Boundaries in this Approved Document Part  J Diagram 1 Boundaries in this Approved Document Part J
                • Diagram 2 Chimneys and flues Part J Diagram 2 Chimneys and flues Part J
                • Diagram 3 Draught diverter and draught stabiliser Part J Diagram 3 Draught diverter and draught stabiliser Part J
                • Diagram 4 Types on installation Part J Diagram 4 Types on installation Part J
                • Diagram 5 Fireplace recesses Part J Diagram 5 Fireplace recesses Part J

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                  Diagram 6 the function of hearths Part J Diagram 6 the function of hearths Part J
                • Diagram 7 Measurement of flues and ducts Part J Diagram 7 Measurement of flues and ducts Part J
                • Diagram 8 General air supply to a combustion appliance (for sizes see Section 2,3 and 4) Part J Diagram 8 General air supply to a combustion appliance (for sizes see Section 2,3 and 4) Part J
                • Diagram 9 Ventilator free areas Part J Diagram 9 Ventilator free areas Part J
                • Diagram 10 Location of permanent air vent openings,some examples Part J Diagram 10 Location of permanent air vent openings,some examples Part J
                • Diagram 11 Provision of permanent air vent openings in a solid floor Part J Diagram 11 Provision of permanent air vent openings in a solid floor Part J
                • Diagram 12 Material change of use fire protection of chimneys passing through other dwellings Part J Diagram 12 Material change of use fire protection of chimneys passing through other dwellings Part J
                • Diagram 13 The separation of combustible material from factory made metal chimney designated to BS EN 1856 part 1 2003 Part J Diagram 13 The separation of combustible material from factory made metal chimney designated to BS EN 1856 part 1 2003 Part J
                • Diagram 14 Example locations of access panels for concealed horizontal flues Part J Diagram 14 Example locations of access panels for concealed horizontal flues Part J
                • Diagram 15 Bends in flues Part J Diagram 15 Bends in flues Part J
                • Diagrams 16 Example notice plate for hearths and flues Part J Diagrams 16 Example notice plate for hearths and flues Part J
                • Diagram 17 Flue outlet positions for solid fuel appliances Part J Diagram 17 Flue outlet positions for solid fuel appliances Part J
                • Diagram 18 Flue outlet positions for solid fuel appliances clearances to easily ignited roof coverings Part J Diagram 18 Flue outlet positions for solid fuel appliances clearances to easily ignited roof coverings Part J
                • Diagram 19 Protecting combustible material from uniinsulated fluepipes for solid fuel appliances Part J Diagram 19 Protecting combustible material from uniinsulated fluepipes for solid fuel appliances Part J
                • Diagram 20 Wall thicknesses for masonry and flueblock chimneys Part J Diagram 20 Wall thicknesses for masonry and flueblock chimneys Part J
                • Diagram 21 Minimum separation distances from combustible material in or near a chimney Part J Diagram 21 Minimum separation distances from combustible material in or near a chimney Part J
                • Diagram 22 Construction of fireplace gathers Part J Diagram 22 Construction of fireplace gathers Part J
                • Diagram 23 Canopy or an open solid fuel fire Part J Diagram 23 Canopy or an open solid fuel fire Part J
                • Diagram 24 Constructional hearth suitable for a solid fuel appliance (including open fires) Part J Diagram 24 Constructional hearth suitable for a solid fuel appliance (including open fires) Part J
                • Diagram 25 Constructional hearth suitable for a solid fuel appliance (including open fires) Part J Diagram 25 Constructional hearth suitable for a solid fuel appliance (including open fires) Part J
                • Diagram 26 Non combustible hearth surface surrounding a solid fuel appliance Part J Diagram 26 Non combustible hearth surface surrounding a solid fuel appliance Part J
                • Diagram 27 Ways of providing hearths Part J Diagram 27 Ways of providing hearths Part J
                • Diagram 28 Fireplace recesses Part J Diagram 28 Fireplace recesses Part J
                • Diagram 30 Wall adjacent to hearths Part J Diagram 30 Wall adjacent to hearths Part J
                • Diagram 31 Types of gas fires Part J Diagram 31 Types of gas fires Part J
                • Diagram 32 Free areas of permanentlt open air vents for gas appliance installations (other than decorative fuel effect fires or flueless appliances) Part J Diagram 32 Free areas of permanentlt open air vents for gas appliance installations (other than decorative fuel effect fires or flueless appliances) Part J
                • Diagram 33 Ventilation for flueless gas appliances Part J Diagram 33 Ventilation for flueless gas appliances Part J
                • Diagram 34 Location of outlets from flues serving gas appliances Part J Diagram 34 Location of outlets from flues serving gas appliances Part J
                • Diagram 35 Location of outlets near roof windows from flues serving gas appliances Part J Diagram 35 Location of outlets near roof windows from flues serving gas appliances Part J
                • Diagram 36 Bases for back boilers(installation using a proprietary back boiler enclosure shown) Part J Diagram 36 Bases for back boilers(installation using a proprietary back boiler enclosure shown) Part J
                • Diagram 37 Hearths for decorative fuel effect(DFE) and inset live fuel effect (ILFE) fires minimum plan dimensions of non combustible surfaces Part J Diagram 37 Hearths for decorative fuel effect(DFE) and inset live fuel effect (ILFE) fires minimum plan dimensions of non combustible surfaces Part J
                • Diagram 38 hearths for other appliances plan dimensions of non combustible surfaces Part J Diagram 38 hearths for other appliances plan dimensions of non combustible surfaces Part J
                • Diagram 39 Shielding of appliances Part J Diagram 39 Shielding of appliances Part J
                • Diagram 40 Free areas of permanently open air vents for oil-fired appliance installations Part J Diagram 40 Free areas of permanently open air vents for oil-fired appliance installations Part J
                • Diagram 41 Location of outlets from flues serving oil fire appliances Part J Diagram 41 Location of outlets from flues serving oil fire appliances Part J
                • Diagram 42 Location of an oil fired appliance in relation to its hearth.Minimum dimensions of the heat resistant material in the hearth and the clear zone of non combustible surface Part J Diagram 42 Location of an oil fired appliance in relation to its hearth.Minimum dimensions of the heat resistant material in the hearth and the clear zone of non combustible surface Part J

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                  Diagram 43 Separation of liquefied petroleum gas tanks of up to 1.1 tonne capacity from buildings,boundaries and fixed sources of ignition Part J Diagram 43 Separation of liquefied petroleum gas tanks of up to 1.1 tonne capacity from buildings,boundaries and fixed sources of ignition Part J

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                  Diagram 44 Location of LPG cylinders Diagram 44 Location of LPG cylinders Part J
                • Table 1 Air supply to solid fuel appliances Part J Table 1 Air supply to solid fuel appliances Part J
                • Table 2 Size of flues in chimneys Part J Table 2 Size of flues in chimneys Part J
                • Table 3 Minimum performance designations for chimney and fluepipe components for use with new solid fuel fired appliances Part J Table 3 Minimum performance designations for chimney and fluepipe components for use with new solid fuel fired appliances Part J
                • Table 5 Size of flues for gas-fired appliances Part J Table 5 Size of flues for gas-fired appliances Part J
                • Table 6 Minimum performance designations for chimney and fluepipe components for use with new gas appliances Part J Table 6 Minimum performance designations for chimney and fluepipe components for use with new gas appliances Part J
                • Table 7 Protecting buildings from hot flues Part J Table 7 Protecting buildings from hot flues Part J
                • Table 8 Minimum performance designations for chimney and fluepipe components for use with new oil fired appliances with flue gas temperatures less than 250deg celsius Part J Table 8 Minimum performance designations for chimney and fluepipe components for use with new oil fired appliances with flue gas temperatures less than 250deg celsius Part J
                • Table 9 Protecting buildings from hot flues for flue gas temperature not more than 250deg celsius Part J Table 9 Protecting buildings from hot flues for flue gas temperature not more than 250deg celsius Part J
                • Table 10 Fire protection for oil storage tanks Part J Table 10 Fire protection for oil storage tanks Part J
                • Table 11 Fire protection for LPG storage tanks(see Diagram 43) Part J Table 11 Fire protection for LPG storage tanks(see Diagram 43) Part J
                • Table to Diagram 41 Location of outlets from flues serving oil fired appliances Part J Table to Diagram 41 Location of outlets from flues serving oil fired appliances Part J
                • ]Examples See Paragraph 1.55 Part J Examples See Paragraph 1.55 Part J

                • Calculation of opening area of Fireplace Part J Calculation of opening area of Fireplace Part J
                • See Diagram 40 Calculation of Vents for Open flue appliance Part J See Diagram 40 Calculation of Vents for Open flue appliance Part J
                • Calculation of Vents for Open flue boiler Part J Calculation of Vents for Open flue boiler Part J
                • Form Hearth,fireplace flues and chimneys Part J Form Hearth,fireplace flues and chimneys Part J

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                  Table to Diagram 34 Location of outlets from flues serving gas appliances Part J Table to Diagram 34 Location of outlets from flues serving gas appliances Part J
                • Table G1 Temperature Classes Table G1 Temperature Classes Part J
                • Table G2 Pressure Classes Part J Table G2 Pressure Classes Part J
                • [caption id="attachment_8311" align="alignnone" width="1129"]Table G3 Corrosion resistance classes Part J Table G3 Corrosion resistance classes Part J