Section 1 Codes, standards and references for all building types

Codes, standards and references for all building types

  1. Introduction
    1. References
      1. 1.2 Basis of structural design and loading:
        1. 1.3 Structural work of reinforced, pre-stressed or plain concrete:
          1. 1.4 Structural work of steel:
            1. 1.5 Structural work of composite steel and concrete:
              1. 1.6 Structural work of timber:
                1. 1.7 Structural work of masonry:
                  1. 1.8 Geotechnical work and foundations:
                    1. 1.9 Seismic aspects:
                      1. 1.10 Structural work of aluminium:
                      2. 1.11 Ground movement (Requirement A2b)
                        1. 1.12 Existing buildings

                          Introduction

                          1.1 This section is relevant to all building types and lists codes, standards and other references for structural design and construction.

                          References

                          1.2 Basis of structural design and loading:

                          Eurocode: Basis of Structural Design BS EN 1990:2002+A1:2005 Eurocode – Basis of structural design; with UK National Annex to BS EN 1990:2002+A1:2005 Eurocode 1: Actions on Structures BS EN 1991-1-1:2002 Eurocode 1: Actions on structures – Part 1.1: General actions – Densities, self weight, imposed loads for buildings; with UK National Annex to BS EN 1991-1-1:2002 BSI PD 6688-1-1:2011 Published Document – Recommendations for the design of structures to BS EN 1991-1-1 BS EN 1991-1-3:2003 Eurocode 1: Actions on structures – Part 1.3: General actions – Snow loads; with UK National Annex to BS EN 1991-1- 3:2003 BS EN 1991-1-4:2005+A1:2010 Eurocode 1:Actions on structures – Part 1.4: General actions- Wind actions; with UK National Annex to BS EN 1991-1-4:2005+A1:2010 BSI PD 6688-1-4:2009 Published Document – Background information to the National Annex to BS EN 1991-1-4 and additional guidance BS EN 1991-1-5:2003 Eurocode 1: Actions on structures – Part 1.5: General actions – Thermal actions; with UK National Annex to BS EN 1991- 1-5:2003 BS EN 1991-1-6:2005 Eurocode 1: Actions on structures – Part 1.6: General actions – Actions during execution; with UK National Annex to BS EN 1996-1-6:2005 BS EN 1991-1-7:2006 Eurocode 1: Actions on structures – Part 1.7: General actions –Accidental actions; with UK National Annex to BS EN 1991-1-7:2006 BSI PD 6688-1-7:2009 Published Document – Recommendations for the design of structures to BS EN 1991-1-7 BS EN 1991-3:2006 Eurocode 1: Actions on structures – Part 3: Actions induced by cranes and machinery; with UK National Annex to BS EN 1991-3:2006

                          1.3 Structural work of reinforced, pre-stressed or plain concrete:

                          Eurocode 2: Design of Concrete Structures BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 Eurocode 2: Design of concrete structures – Part 1.1: General rules and rules for buildings; with UK National Annex to BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 BSI PD 6687-1:2010 Published Document – Background paper to the UK National Annexes to BS EN 1992-1 and BS EN 1992-3 BS EN 13670:2009 Execution of concrete structures

                          1.4 Structural work of steel:

                          Eurocode 3: Design of Steel Structures BS EN 1993-1-1:2005 Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures – Part 1.1: General rules and rules for buildings; with UK National Annex to BS EN 1993-1-1:2005 BS EN 1993-1-3:2006 Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures – Part 1.3: General rules –Supplementary rules for cold-formed members and sheeting; with UK National Annex to BS EN 1993-1-3:2006 BS EN 1993-1-4:2006 Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures – Part 1.4: General rules –Supplementary rules for stainless steels; with UK National Annex to BS EN 1993-1-4:2006 BS EN 1993-1-5:2006 Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures – Part 1.5: Plated structural elements; with UK National Annex to BS EN 1993-1-5:2006 BS EN 1993-1-6:2007 Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures – Part 1.6: Strength and stability of shell structures BS EN 1993-1-7:2007 Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures – Part 1.7: Plated structures subject to out of plane loading BS EN 1993-1-8:2005 Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures – Part 1.8: Design of joints; with UK National Annex to BS EN 1993-1-8:2005 BS EN 1993-1-9:2005 Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures – Part 1.9: Fatigue; with UK National Annex to BS EN 1993-1-9:2005 BSI PD 6695-1-9:2008 Published Document – Recommendations for the design of structures to BS EN 1993-1-9 BS EN 1993-1-10:2005 Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures – Part 1.10: Material toughness and through-thickness properties; with UK National Annex to BS EN 1993-1-10:2005 BSI PD 6695-1-10:2009 Published Document – Recommendations for the design of structures to BS EN 1993-1-10 BS EN 1993-1-11:2006 Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures – Part 1.11: Design of structures with tension components; with UK National Annex to BS EN 1993-1-11:2006 BS EN 1993-1-12:2007 Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures – Part 1.12: Additional rules for the extension of EN 1993 up to steel grades S 700; with UK National Annex to BS EN 1993-1-12:2007 BS EN 1993-5:2007 Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures – Part 5: Piling; with UK National Annex to BS EN 1993-5:2007+A1:2012 BS EN 1993-6:2007 Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures – Part 6: Crane supporting structures; with UK National Annex to BS EN 1993-6:2007 BS EN 1090-2:2008+A1:2011 Execution of steel structures and aluminium structures – Part 2: Technical requirements for the execution of steel structures BRE Digest 437 Industrial platform floors: mezzanine and raised storage

                          1.5 Structural work of composite steel and concrete:

                          Eurocode 4: Design of Composite Steel and Concrete Structures BS EN 1994-1-1:2004 Eurocode 4: Design of composite steel and concrete structures – Part 1.1: General rules and rules for buildings; with UK National Annex to BS EN 1994-1-1:2004

                          1.6 Structural work of timber:

                          Eurocode 5: Design of Timber Structures BS EN 1995-1-1:2004+A1:2008 Eurocode 5:Design of timber structures – Part 1.1: General- Common rules and rules for buildings; with UK National Annex to BS EN 1995-1- 1:2004+A1:2008 BSI PD 6693-1:2012 Published Document – Recommendations for the design of timber structures to Eurocode 5: Design of timber structures Part 1: General – Common rules and rules for buildings BS 8103-3:2009 Structural design of low-rise buildings – Part 3: Code of practice for timber floors and roofs for housing

                          1.7 Structural work of masonry:

                          Eurocode 6: Design of Masonry Structures BS EN 1996-1-1:2005+A1:2012 Eurocode 6:Design of masonry structures – Part 1.1: General rules for reinforced and unreinforced masonry structures; with UK National Annex to BS EN 1996-1-1:2005+A1:2012 BS EN 1996-2:2006 Eurocode 6: Design of masonry structures – Part 2: Design considerations, selection of materials and execution of masonry; with UK National Annex to BS EN 1996-2:2006 BSI PD 6697:2010 Published Document – Recommendations for the design of masonry structures to BS EN 1996-1-1 and BS EN 1996-2 BS EN 1996-3:2006 Eurocode 6: Design of masonry structures – Part 3: Simplified calculation methods for unreinforced masonry structures; with UK National Annex to BS EN 1996-3:2006 BS 8103-1:2011 Structural design of low-rise buildings – Part 1: Code of Practice for stability, site investigation, foundations, precast concrete floors and ground floor slabs for housing BS 8103-2:2005 Structural design of low-rise buildings – Part 2: Code of practice for masonry walls for housing

                          1.8 Geotechnical work and foundations:

                          Eurocode 7: Geotechnical Design BS EN 1997-1:2004 Eurocode 7: Geotechnical design – Part 1: General rules; with UK National Annex to BS EN 1997-1:2004 BS EN 1997-2:2007 Eurocode 7: Geotechnical design – Part 2: Ground investigation and testing; with UK National Annex to BS EN 1997-2:2007

                          1.9 Seismic aspects:

                          Eurocode 8: Design of Structures for Earthquake Resistance BS EN 1998-1:2004+A1:2013 Eurocode 8:Design of structures for earthquake resistance – Part 1: General rules, seismic actions and rules for buildings; with UK National Annex to BS EN 1998-1:2004 BS EN 1998-5:2004 Eurocode 8: Design of structures for earthquake resistance – Part 5: Foundations, retaining structures and geotechnical aspects; with UK National Annex to BS EN 1998-5:2004 BSI PD 6698:2009 Published Document – Recommendations for the design of structures for earthquake resistance to BS EN 1998

                          1.10 Structural work of aluminium:

                          Eurocode 9: Design of Aluminium Structures BS EN 1999-1-1:2007+A1:2009 Eurocode 9:Design of aluminium structures – Part 1.1: General structural rules; with UK National Annex to BS EN 1999-1-1:2007+A1:2009 BS EN 1999-1-3:2007+A1:2011 Eurocode 9: Design of aluminium structures – Part 1.3: Structures susceptible to fatigue; with UK National Annex to BS EN 1999-1-3:2007+A1:2011 BSI PD 6702-1:2009 Published Document– Structural use of aluminium – Part 1: Recommendations for the design of aluminium structures to BS EN 1999 BS EN 1999-1-4:2007+A1:2011 Eurocode 9:Design of aluminium structures – Part 1.4: Cold- formed structural sheeting; with UK National Annex to BS EN 1999-1-4:2007 BS EN 1999-1-5:2007 Eurocode 9: Design of aluminium structures – Part 1.5: Shell structures; with UK National Annex to BS EN 1999-1-5:2007 BS EN 1090-3:2008 Execution of steel structures and aluminium structures – Part 3: Technical requirements for aluminium structures BSI PD 6705-3:2009 Published Document – Structural use of steel and aluminium – Part 3: Recommendations for the execution of aluminium structures to BS EN 1090-3

                          1.11 Ground movement (Requirement A2b)

                          1.11 There may be known or recorded conditions of ground instability, such as that arising from landslides, disused mines or unstable strata which, if ignored, can have a devastating effect on the safety of a building and its environs. Such conditions should be taken into account in the design of the building and its foundations. Attention is drawn to DOE Planning Policy Guidance Note 14 Development on unstable land (obtainable from The Stationery Office), which sets out the broad planning and technical issues relating to development on unstable land. The Department has also sponsored a series of reviews aimed at determining the scale and nature of problems arising from mining instability, natural underground cavities and adverse foundation conditions. Databases of both subsidence incidents and subsidence potential produced from these reviews are available from the following licence holders: British Geological Survey, Sir Kingsley Dunham Centre, Keyworth, Nottingham NG12 5GG. Landmark, 7 Abbey Court, Eagle Way, Exeter, Devon EX2 7HY. Peter Brett Associates, 16 Westcote Road, Reading, Berkshire RG20 2DE. Catalytic Data Ltd, The Spinney, 19 Woodlands Road, Bickley, Kent BRI 2AD. The reports from these reviews, which include 1:250,000 scale maps showing the distribution of the physical constraints, are available from the following organisations: Arup Geotechnics, 1991. Review of mining instability in Great Britain. Obtainable from Arup Geotechnics, Bede House, All Saints, Newcastle-upon-Tyne NE1 2EB.Applied Geology Ltd, 1994. Review of instability due to natural underground cavities in Great Britain. Obtainable from Kennedy and Donkin Ltd, 14 Calthorpe Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 1TH. Wimpey Environmental Ltd, and National House Building Council, 1995. Foundation conditions in Great Britain, a guide for planners and developers. Obtainable from ESNR International Ltd, 16 Frogmore Road, Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire HP3 9RW.

                          1.12 Existing buildings

                          1.12 Compliance with Part A (Structure) is required in certain classes of change of use of a building, subject to the control of Regulations 5 and Guidance relevant to structural appraisals related to ‘change of use’ is given in the following documents:

                          • BRE Digest 366: Structural Appraisal of Existing Buildings, Including for a Material Change of Use, 2012
                          • The Institution of Structural Engineers Technical Publication Appraisal of Existing Structures (third edition), 2010
                          Note: With reference to ‘design checks’ in the referenced Institution of Structural Engineers’ Technical Publication the choice of various partial factors should be made to suit the individual circumstances of each case.  

                          • 1 Size and proportion of residential buildings of not more than three storeys Diagram 1 Size and proportion of residential buildings of not more than three storeys
                          • 2 Size and proportion of non-residential buildings and annexes Diagram 2 Size and proportion of non-residential buildings and annexes
                          • 3 Determination of wall thickness Diagram 3 Determination of wall thickness
                          • 4 Parapet walls - height Diagram 4 Parapet walls - height
                          • 5 Maximum floor area enclosed by structural walls Diagram 5 Maximum floor area enclosed by structural walls
                          • 6 Fig 1-2 - Map showing wind speeds in m per s for maximum height of buildings Diagram 6 Fig 1-2 - Map showing wind speeds in m per s for maximum height of buildings
                          • 6 Fig 3 - Map showing wind speeds in m per s for maximum height of buildings Diagram 6 Fig 3 - Map showing wind speeds in m per s for maximum height of buildings
                          • 7 Max height of buildings Diagram 7 Max height of buildings
                          • 8 Measuring storey and wall heights Diagram 8 Measuring storey and wall heights
                          • 9 Declared compressive strenght of masonry units Diagram 9 Declared compressive strength of masonry units
                          • 10 Maximum span of floors Diagram 10 Maximum span of floors
                          • 11 Differences in ground levels Diagram 11 Differences in ground levels
                          • 12 Openings in a buttressing wall Diagram 12 Openings in a buttressing wall
                          • 13 Buttressing Diagram 13 Buttressing
                          • 14 Sizes of openings and recesses Diagram 14 Sizes of openings and recesses
                          • 15 Lateral support by floors Diagram 15 Lateral support by floors
                          • 16 Lateral support at roof level Diagram 16 Lateral support at roof level
                          • 17 Size and location of openings Diagram 17 Size and location of openings
                          • 18 Wall thinckness Diagram 18 Wall thinckness
                          • 19 Lateral restraint at roof level Diagram 19 Lateral restraint at roof level
                          • 20 Proportions for masonty chimneys Diagram 20 Proportions for masonry chimneys
                          • 21 Elevation of stepped foundation Diagram 21 Elevation of stepped foundation
                          • 22 Piers and chimneys Diagram 22 Piers and chimneys
                          • 23 Foundation dimensions Diagram 23 Foundation dimensions
                          • 24 Area at risk of collapse in the event of an accident Diagram 24 Area at risk of collapse in the event of an accident
                          • Table 1 Areas at risk from house longhorn beetle Table 1 Areas at risk from house longhorn beetle
                          • Table 2 Wall types considered in this section Table 2 Wall types considered in this section
                          • Table 3 Minimum thickness of certain external walls, compartment Table 3 Minimum thickness of certain external walls, compartment
                          • Table 4 Imposed loads Table 4 Imposed loads
                          • Table 5 Cavity wall ties Table 5 Cavity wall ties
                          • Table 6 Declared compressive strength of masonry units complying with BS EN 771-1 TO -5 [N PER nn SQ] Table 6 Declared compressive strength of masonry units complying with BS EN 771-1 TO -5 (N/mm SQ)
                          • Table 7 Normalised compressive strength of masonry units of clay and calcium silicate blocks complying with BS EN 771-1 and 2 [Nn/mm SQ] Table 7 Normalised compressive strength of masonry units of clay and calcium silicate blocks complying with BS EN 771-1 and 2 (N/mm SQ)
                          • Table 8 Value of Factor X - see Dia 14 Table 8 Value of Factor 'X' (see Dia 14)
                          • Table 9 Lateral support for walls Table 9 Lateral support for walls
                          • Table 10 Minimum width of strip footings Table 10 Minimum width of strip footings
                          • Table 11 Building consequence Table 11 Building consequence