Requirement Q1: Unauthorised access
This approved document deals with the following requirement from Part Q of Schedule 1 to the Building Regulations 2010.
|PART Q SECURITY|
|Unauthorised Access Q1|
|Reasonable provision must be made to resist unauthorised access to:|
|(a) any dwelling; and|
|(b) any part of a building from which access can be gained to a flat within the building.|
|Limits on application Requirement Q1 applies only in relation to new dwellings.|
Requirement Q1 applies to easily accessible doors and windows that provide access in any of the following circumstances:
a. into a dwelling from outside
b. into parts of a building containing flats from outside
c. into a flat from the common parts of the building.
In the Secretary of State’s view, doors and windows will meet requirement Q1 if they can resist physical attack by a casual or opportunist burglar by being both:
a. sufficiently robust
b. fitted with appropriate hardware.
Section 1: Doors
- All easily accessible doorsets (including garage doorsets and communal entrance doorsets) that provide access into a dwelling or into a building containing a dwelling should be secure doorsets in accordance with paragraphs 2 to 1.4.
Design of secure doorsets
- Secure doorsets should be either:
- manufactured to a design that has been shown by test to meet the security requirements of British Standards publication PAS 24:2012, or
- designed and manufactured in accordance with Appendix
- STS 201 Issue 5:2013
- LPS 1175 Issue 7:2010 security rating 2
- STS 202 Issue 3:2011 burglary rating 2
- LPS 2081 Issue 1:2015 security rating
- Letter plates, where provided, should:
- have a maximum aperture of 260mm x 40mm, and
- be located and/or designed to hinder anyone attempting to remove keys with sticks and/or insert their hand, for example by incorporating a flap or other features to restrict
- The main doors for entering a dwelling (usually the front door) should have a door viewer unless other means exist to see callers, such as clear glass within the door or a window next to the doorset. The same doorset should also have a door chain or door
Installation and fixing of secure doorsets
- Frames should be mechanically fixed to the structure of the building in accordance with the manufacturer’s installation
- Lightweight framed walls should incorporate a resilient layer to reduce the risk of anyone breaking through the wall and accessing the locking